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Projected shifts in 21st century sardine distribution and catch in the California Current

Citation

Fiechter, Jerome (2021), Projected shifts in 21st century sardine distribution and catch in the California Current, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.7291/D1QQ3H

Abstract

Predicting changes in the abundance and distribution of small pelagic fish species in response to anthropogenic climate forcing is of paramount importance due to the ecological and socioeconomic importance of these species, especially in Eastern boundary current upwelling regions. Coastal upwelling systems are notorious for the wide range of spatial (from local to basin) and temporal (from days to decades) scales influencing their physical and biogeochemical environments and, thus, forage fish habitat. Bridging those scales can be achieved by using high-resolution regional models that integrate global climate forcing downscaled from coarser resolution earth system models. Here, “end-to-end” projections for 21st century sardine population dynamics and catch in the California Current system (CCS) are generated by coupling three dynamically downscaled earth system model solutions to an individual-based fish model and an agent-based fishing fleet model. Simulated sardine population biomass during 2000-2100 exhibits primarily low frequency (decadal) variability, and a progressive poleward shift driven by thermal habitat preference. The magnitude of poleward displacement varies noticeably under lower and higher warming conditions (500 and 800 km, respectively). Following the redistribution of the sardine population, catch is projected to increase by 50-70% in the northern CCS and decrease by 30-70% in the southern and central CCS. However, the late-century increase in sardine abundance (and hence, catch) in the northern CCS exhibits a large ensemble spread and is not statistically identical across the three downscaled projections. Overall, the results illustrate the benefit of using dynamical downscaling from multiple earth system models as input to high-resolution regional end-to-end (“physics to fish”) models for projecting population responses of higher trophic organisms to global climate change.

Methods

The dataset contains downscaled regional climate projections from an end-to-end ecosystem model for the California Current region. The end-to-end model includes a regional ocean circulation component, a nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton component, an individual-based fish population dynamics component, and an agent-based fishing fleet component. The downscaled climate projections encompass 2000-2100 and are based on the GFDL-ESM2M, IPSL-CM5A-MR, and Hadley-GEM2-ES earth system models under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 emission scenario.

Usage Notes

See Metadata in NetCDF file.

Funding

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Award: NA17OAR4310268