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Data from: WRF 1960-2014 winter season simulations of particulate matter in the Sahel: implications for air quality and respiratory health

Citation

Jenkins, Gregory S.; Gueye, Moussa (2019), Data from: WRF 1960-2014 winter season simulations of particulate matter in the Sahel: implications for air quality and respiratory health, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pg0hd0c

Abstract

We use the Weather Research and Forecast model using the GOCART dust module (WRF-CHEM) to simulate the particulate matter variations in the Sahel during the winter seasons (January-March) of 1960-2014. Two simulations are undertaken where the direct aerosol feedback is turned off, and only transport is considered and where the direct aerosol feedback is turned on. We find that simulated Sahelian PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations were lower in the 1960s and after 2003, and higher during the period between 1988 and 2002. Higher Sahelian PM10 concentrations are due to stronger winds between the surface and 925 hPa over the Sahara, which transport dust into the Sahel. Negative PM10 concentration anomalies are found over the Bodele Depression and associated with weaker 925 wind anomalies after 1997 through 2014. Further west, positive PM10 concentration anomalies are found across the Adrar Plateau in the Sahara and responsible for dust transport to the Western Sahel. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is positively correlated to Sahelian dust concentrations especially during the periods of 1960-1970 and 1988-2002. The temporal/spatial patterns of PM10 concentrations have significant respiratory health implications for inhabitants of the Sahel.

Usage Notes

Location

Africa
Sahel
Sahara