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Phenotypic and genomic diversification with isolation by environment along elevational gradients in a neotropical treefrog

Citation

Medina, Ricardo et al. (2021), Phenotypic and genomic diversification with isolation by environment along elevational gradients in a neotropical treefrog, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.pzgmsbcm8

Abstract

Understanding how geographic and environmental heterogeneity drive local patterns of genetic variation is a major goal of ecological genomics and a key question in evolutionary biology. The tropical Andes and inter-Andean valleys are shaped by markedly heterogeneous landscapes, where species experience strong selective processes. We examined genome-wide SNP data together with behavioral and ecological traits (mating calls and body size) known to contribute to genetic isolation in anurans in the emerald-eyed treefrog, Boana platanera, distributed across an environmental gradient in Central Colombia (northern South America). We analyzed the relationships between environmentally (temperature and precipitation) associated genetic and phenotypic differentiation and the potential drivers of isolation by environment along an elevation gradient. We identified candidate SNPs associated with temperature and body size, which follow a clinal pattern of genome-wide differentiation tightly coupled with phenotypic variation: as elevation increases, B. platanera exhibits larger body size and longer call duration with more pulses but lower pulse rate and frequency. Thus, the environmental landscape has rendered a scenario where isolation by environment and candidate loci show phenotypic divergence in this tropical frog along an elevation gradient in the Colombian Andes. Our study sets the basis for evaluating the role of temperature in the genetic structure and local adaptation in tropical treefrogs and its putative effect on life cycle (embryos, tadpoles, adults) along elevation gradients.

Methods

See methods in the publication.

Usage Notes

A Readme file is included.

Funding

CONACyT, Award: 585440

CONACyT, Award: 585440