Data from: The unexpected depths of genome-skimming data: a case study examining Goodeniaceae floral symmetry genes
Berger, Brent A. et al. (2018), Data from: The unexpected depths of genome-skimming data: a case study examining Goodeniaceae floral symmetry genes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0500c
Premise of the study: The use of genome skimming allows systematists to quickly generate large data sets, particularly of sequences in high abundance (e.g., plastomes); however, researchers may be overlooking data in low abundance that could be used for phylogenetic or evo-devo studies. Here, we present a bioinformatics approach that explores the low-abundance portion of genome-skimming next-generation sequencing libraries in the fan-flowered Goodeniaceae.
Methods: Twenty-four previously constructed Goodeniaceae genome-skimming Illumina libraries were examined for their utility in mining low-copy nuclear genes involved in floral symmetry, specifically the CYCLOIDEA (CYC)-like genes. De novo assemblies were generated using multiple assemblers, and BLAST searches were performed for CYC1, CYC2, and CYC3 genes.
Results: Overall Trinity, SOAPdenovo-Trans, and SOAPdenovo implementing lower k-mer values uncovered the most data, although no assembler consistently outperformed the others. Using SOAPdenovo-Trans across all 24 data sets, we recovered four CYC-like gene groups (CYC1, CYC2, CYC3A, and CYC3B) from a majority of the species. Alignments of the fragments included the entire coding sequence as well as upstream and downstream regions.
Discussion: Genome-skimming data sets can provide a significant source of low-copy nuclear gene sequence data that may be used for multiple downstream applications.
National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-1256963, DEB-1256946