Data from: Elevated substitution rates estimated from ancient DNA sequences
Ho, Simon Y. W. et al. (2008), Data from: Elevated substitution rates estimated from ancient DNA sequences, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.125
Ancient DNA sequences are able to offer valuable insights into molecular evolutionary processes, which are not directly accessible via modern DNA. They are particularly suitable for the estimation of substitution rates because their ages provide calibrating information in phylogenetic analyses, circumventing the difﬁcult task of choosing independent calibration points. The substitution rates obtained from such datasets have typically been high, falling between the rates estimated from pedigrees and species phylogenies. Many of these estimates have been made using a Bayesian phylogenetic method that explicitly accommodates heterochronous data. Stimulated by recent criticism of this method, we present a comprehensive simulation study that validates its performance. For datasets of moderate si ze, i t produces accurate estimates of rates, while appearing robust to assumpti ons about demographic history. We then analyse a large collection of 749 ancient and 727 modern DNA sequences from 19 species of animals, plants and bacteria. Our new estimates conﬁrm that the substitution rates estimated from ancient DNA sequences are elevated above long-term phylogenetic levels.