Data from: Lizards at the peak: physiological plasticity does not maintain performance in lizards transplanted to high altitude
Gangloff, Eric J. et al. (2019), Data from: Lizards at the peak: physiological plasticity does not maintain performance in lizards transplanted to high altitude, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12rj7fr
Warming climates are facilitating the range expansion of many taxa to habitats that were formerly thermally inhospitable, including to higher latitudes and elevations. The potential for such colonization, however, varies widely among taxa. Since environmental factors may interact to affect colonization potential, an understanding of underlying physiological and behavioural mechanisms is necessary to predict how species will respond to potentially suitable habitats. For example, temperature and oxygen availability will interact to shape physiological and performance traits. Our model species, the wall lizard Podarcis muralis, is a widely distributed ectotherm that continues to expand its range in Europe despite being limited by cold temperatures at high elevations and latitudes. To test the potential for organisms to expand to warming high-altitude environments, we conducted a transplant experiment to quantify the within-individual effects of high-altitude hypoxia on physiological and performance traits. Transplanted lizards maintained individual differences in physiological traits related to oxygen capacity and metabolism (haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit, and peak post-exhaustion metabolic rate) as well as performance traits tied to fitness (sprint speed and running endurance). Although lizards altered blood biochemistry to increase oxygen-carrying capacity, their performance was reduced at high altitude. Furthermore, lizards at high altitude suffered a rapid loss of body condition over the six-week experiment, potentially indicating an energetic cost to hypoxia. Taken together, this demonstrates a limited potential for within-individual plasticity to facilitate colonization of novel high-altitude environments.