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Raw data from: Airport noise disturbs foraging behavior of Japanese pipistrelle bats

Citation

Wang, Weiwei et al. (2022), Raw data from: Airport noise disturbs foraging behavior of Japanese pipistrelle bats, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3ffbg79mb

Abstract

The expansion of anthropogenic noise poses an emerging threat to the survival and reproductive success of various organisms. Previous investigations have focused on the detrimental effects of anthropogenic noise on the foraging behavior in some terrestrial and aquatic animals. Nevertheless, the role of airport noise in impairing foraging activities of most wild animals has been neglected. Here, we aimed to assess whether foraging behavior in free-living Japanese pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus abramus) can be disturbed by airport noise. We used audio recording to monitor foraging activities of bats at 11 sites around the runway of a municipal airport. We quantified noise level and spectra, aircraft activity, habitat type, nightly temperature, wind speed, and moon phase for each site. The analysis revealed that noise level and aircraft activity were significant negative predictors for the number of bat passes and feeding buzzes around the runway, even after controlling for the effects of other environmental factors. There was no marked spectral overlap between bat echolocation pulses and airport noise in the presence and absence of low-flying aircraft. The spectro-temporal parameters of echolocation vocalizations emitted by bats were dependent on noise level, aircraft activity, and habitat type. These results provide correlative evidence that airport noise can reduce foraging activities of wild pipistrelle bats. Our findings add to the current knowledge of adverse impacts of airport noise on foraging bats in artificial ecosystems and provide a basis for further research on the mechanisms behind noise pollution near airports.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31800323

China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, Award: 2019M661188

Scientific Research Foundation of China West Normal University, Award: 18B024

Scientific Research Foundation of China West Normal University, Award: 17E066

Undergraduate Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of China, Award: S201910638075

Undergraduate Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of China, Award: 202110638011