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Data from: Genetic differentiation and phylogeography of partially sympatric species complex Rhizophora mucronata Lam. and R. stylosa Griff. using SSR markers

Citation

Wee, Alison K. S. et al. (2015), Data from: Genetic differentiation and phylogeography of partially sympatric species complex Rhizophora mucronata Lam. and R. stylosa Griff. using SSR markers, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.42711

Abstract

Mangrove forests are ecologically important but globally threatened intertidal plant communities. Effective mangrove conservation requires the determination of species identity management units and genetic structure. Here we investigate the genetic distinctiveness and genetic structure of an iconic but yet taxonomically confusing species complex Rhizophora mucronata and R. stylosa across their distributional range by employing a suite of 20 informative nuclear SSR markers. Our results demonstrated the general genetic distinctiveness of R. mucronata and R. stylosa and potential hybridization or introgression between them. We investigated the population genetics of each species without the putative hybrids and found strong genetic structure between oceanic regions in both R. mucronata and R. stylosa. In R. mucronata a strong divergence was detected between populations from the Indian Ocean region (Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea) and the Pacific Ocean region (Malacca Strait South China Sea and Northwest Pacific Ocean). In R. stylosa the genetic break was located more eastward between populations from South and East China Sea and populations from the Southwest Pacific Ocean. The location of these genetic breaks coincided with the boundaries of oceanic currents thus suggesting that oceanic circulation patterns might have acted as a cryptic barrier to gene flow. Our findings have important implications on the conservation of mangroves especially relating to replanting efforts and the definition of ESUs in Rhizophora species. We outlined the genetic structure and identified geographical areas that require further investigations for both R. mucronata and R. stylosa. These results serve as the foundation for the conservation genetics of R. mucronata and R. stylosa and highlighted the need to recognize the genetic distinctiveness of closely-related species determine their respective genetic structure and avoid artificially promoting hybridization in mangrove restoration programmes.

Usage Notes

Location

IWP: Indo-West Paciric