Data from: Thermal acclimation and adaptation across populations in a broadly distributed soil arthropod
Jensen, Anne et al. (2019), Data from: Thermal acclimation and adaptation across populations in a broadly distributed soil arthropod, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.4s7m50h
The relative contributions of phenotypic plasticity and adaptive evolution to the respons-es of species to climate change are poorly understood. It has been suggested that some species or populations will have to rely on their ability to adjust their phenotype rather than on adaptation through evolutionary adaptation. 2. We test the extent of intra- and inter-population patterns of acclimation and genetic varia-tion in multiple traits directly related to environmental tolerance limits in the broadly dis-tributed soil dwelling collembolan Orchesella cincta. 3. Genetic variation in both dynamic and static assays of thermal tolerance was present across seven populations spanning 14° of latitude and both heat and cold tolerance were significantly correlated with latitude. Short term heat and cold acclimation significantly increased thermal tolerance limits across all populations and there was local adaptation for acclimation responses for some traits. Furthermore, results showed large acclimatiza-tion responses in the field within populations for cold tolerance throughout a 13-month period and smaller acclimatization responses for heat tolerance. Acclimatization respons-es were correlated with microhabitat temperature at the site of collection suggesting that plastic responses are highly dynamic and allow organisms to cope with changes in tem-perature. 4. Our findings demonstrate small differences in upper and lower thermal tolerance limits across populations, but substantial local acclimatization effects dictated by microhabitat temperatures, and also highlight the limited scope and strong trade-offs to respond to in-creasing temperatures. These findings demonstrate the need for incorporating infor-mation on species’ ability to respond to environmental change using both laboratory and field approaches into climate change models.