Data from: Varietal variation and chromosome behaviour during meiosis in Solanum tuberosum
Choudhary, Anushree et al. (2020), Data from: Varietal variation and chromosome behaviour during meiosis in Solanum tuberosum, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.59zw3r24n
Naturally occurring autopolyploid species such as the autotetraploid potato Solanum tuberosum face a variety of challenges during meiosis. These include proper pairing, recombination and correct segregation of multiple homologous chromosomes, which can form complex multivalent configurations at metaphase I, and in turn alter allelic segregation ratios through double reduction. Here, we present a reference map of meiotic stages in diploid and tetraploid S. tuberosum using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) to differentiate individual meiotic chromosomes 1 and 2. A diploid-like behaviour at metaphase I involving bivalent configurations was predominant in all three tetraploid varieties. The crossover frequency per bivalent was significantly reduced in the tetraploids compared with a diploid variety, which likely indicates meiotic adaptation to the autotetraploid state. Nevertheless, bivalents were accompanied by a substantial frequency of multivalents, which varied by variety and by chromosome (7-48%). We identified possible sites of synaptic partner switching, leading to multivalent formation, and found potential defects in the polymerisation and/or maintenance of the synaptonemal complex in tetraploids. These findings demonstrate the rise of S. tuberosum as a model for autotetraploid meiotic recombination research and highlight constraints on meiotic chromosome configurations and chiasma frequencies as an important feature of an evolved autotetraploid meiosis.
This dataset is collected from fluoresence in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis of pollen mother cells at the metaphase I stage of meiosis, from four varieties of Solanum tuberosum. 5S and 45S rDNA probes were used to identify chromosomes 1 and 2 and to conservatively score chiasma on short and long chromosome arms based on the observed configurations and localisation of FISH signals. The four varieties analysed include three autotetraploids (Sante, Maris Peer and Cara) and one diploid (Scapa).
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Award: BB/N008952/1