Skip to main content

Methane and carbon dioxide cumulative amounts data for: Algal amendment enhances biogenic methane production from coals of different thermal maturity


Gerlach, Robin (2023), Methane and carbon dioxide cumulative amounts data for: Algal amendment enhances biogenic methane production from coals of different thermal maturity, Dryad, Dataset,


The addition of small amounts of algal biomass to stimulate methane production in coal seams is a promising low carbon renewable coalbed methane enhancement technique. However, little is known about how the addition of algal biomass amendment affects methane production from coals of different thermal maturity. Here, we show that biogenic methane can be produced from five coals ranging in rank from lignite to low-volatile bituminous using a coal-derived microbial consortium in batch microcosms with and without algal amendment. The addition of 0.1 g/L algal biomass resulted in maximum methane production rates up to 37 days earlier and decreased the time required to reach maximum methane production by 17–19 days when compared to unamended, analogous microcosms. Cumulative methane production and methane production rate were generally highest in low rank, subbituminous coals, but no clear association between increasing vitrinite reflectance and decreasing methane production could be determined. Microbial community analysis revealed that archaeal populations were correlated with methane production rate (p=0.01), vitrinite reflectance (p=0.03), percent volatile matter (p=0.03), and fixed carbon (p=0.02), all of which are related to coal rank and composition. Sequences indicative of the acetoclastic methanogenic genus Methanosaeta dominated low rank coal microcosms. Amended treatments that had increased methane production relative to unamended analogs had high relative abundances of the hydrogenotrophic methanogenic genus Methanobacterium and the bacterial family Pseudomonadaceae. These results suggest that algal amendment may shift coal-derived microbial communities towards coal-degrading bacteria and CO2-reducing methanogens. These results have broad implications for understanding subsurface carbon cycling in coal beds and the adoption of low carbon renewable microbially enhanced coalbed methane techniques across a diverse range of coal geology.


Headspace Gas Measurements and Analysis

Headspace gases (CH4 and CO2) were analyzed using an SRI Instruments (Torrance, CA, USA) Model 8601 Gas Chromatograph (GC) equipped with a thermal conductivity detector (TCD) interfaced with PeakSimple Chromatography software. Ultra-high purity helium carrier gas and a Supelco HayeSep-D packed stainless-steel column (6 feet x 1/8” O.D) were used for separation. One mL of headspace gas was sampled from each microcosm and manually injected; the carrier gas had a pressure of 8 psi and the oven and TCD temperatures were 40⁰C and 150⁰C, respectively. To prevent creating a negative pressure in the tubes, 1 mL of anoxic 5% CO2 (balance N2) was injected to replace the sample volume removed. Reactors were sampled approximately every 2 weeks for the duration of the 116-day experiment.

Usage notes

Excel or other spreadsheet programs


U.S. Department of Energy, Award: DE-FE0024068

National Science Foundation, Award: CHE-1230632

National Science Foundation, Award: 1736255

U.S. Geological Survey, Award: Energy Resources Program