Data from: Temporal and gefitinib-sensitive regulation of cardiac cytokine expression via chronic β-adrenergic receptor stimulation
Grisanti, Laurel A. et al. (2015), Data from: Temporal and gefitinib-sensitive regulation of cardiac cytokine expression via chronic β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.5s9r5
Chronic stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors (βAR) can promote survival signaling via transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but ultimately alters cardiac structure and contractility over time, in part via enhanced cytokine signaling. We hypothesized that chronic catecholamine signaling will have a temporal impact on cardiac transcript expression in vivo, in particular cytokines, and that EGFR transactivation plays a role in this process. C57BL/6 mice underwent infusion with vehicle or isoproterenol (Iso) ± gefitinib (Gef) for 1 or 2 weeks. Cardiac contractility decreased following 2 weeks of Iso treatment, while cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis and apoptosis were enhanced at both timepoints. Inclusion of Gef preserved contractility, blocked Iso-induced apoptosis and prevented hypertrophy at the 2 week timepoint, but caused fibrosis on its own. RNAseq analysis revealed hundreds of cardiac transcripts altered by Iso at each timepoint with subsequent RT-qPCR validation confirming distinct temporal patterns of transcript regulation, including those involved in cardiac remodeling and survival signaling, as well as numerous cytokines. While Gef infusion alone did not significantly alter cytokine expression, it abrogated the Iso-mediated changes in a majority of the βAR-sensitive cytokines, including CCL2 and TNF-α. Additionally, the impact of βAR-dependent EGFR transactivation on the acute regulation of cytokine transcript expression was assessed in isolated cardiomyocytes and in cardiac fibroblasts, where the majority of Iso-dependent, and EGFR-sensitive, changes in cytokines occurred. Overall, coincident with changes in cardiac structure and contractility, βAR stimulation dynamically alters cardiac transcript expression over time, including numerous cytokines that are regulated via EGFR-dependent signaling.