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Data from: Downregulation of endometrial mesenchymal marker SUSD2 causes cell senescence and cell death in endometrial carcinoma cells

Citation

Zhang, Shaqiu et al. (2018), Data from: Downregulation of endometrial mesenchymal marker SUSD2 causes cell senescence and cell death in endometrial carcinoma cells, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.65h9g

Abstract

The cause of death among the majority of endometrial cancer patients involves migration of cancer cells within the peritoneal cavity and subsequent implantation of cancer spheroids into neighbouring organs. It is, thereby, important to identify factors that mediate metastasis. Cell adhesion and migration are modified by the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) marker Sushi domain containing 2 (SUSD2), a type I transmembrane protein that participates in the orchestration of cell adhesion and migration through interaction with its partner Galactosidase-binding soluble-1 (LGALS1). MSCs have emerged as attractive targets in cancer therapy. Human endometrial adenocarcinoma (Ishikawa) cells were treated with TGFβ (10ng/ml) for 72h. SUSD2, LGALS1 and MKI67 transcript levels were quantified using qRT-PCR. The proportion of SUSD2 positive (SUSD2+) cells and SMAD2/3 abundance were quantified by FACS and Western blotting, respectively. Senescent cells were identified with β-galactosidase staining; cell cycle and cell death were quantified using Propidium Iodide staining. Treatment of endometrial cancer cells (Ishikawa cells) with TGFβ (10ng/ml) significantly decreased SUSD2 transcript levels and the proportion of SUSD2 positive cells. Silencing of SUSD2 using siRNA resulted in senescence and cell death of Ishikawa cells via activation of SMAD2/3. These findings suggest that SUSD2 counteracts senescence and cell death and is thus a potential chemotherapeutic target in human endometrial cancer.

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