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Data from: Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement

Citation

Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana; Farine, Damien R.; Crofoot, Margaret C.; Couzin, Iain D. (2017), Data from: Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6h5b7

Abstract

For group-living animals traveling through heterogeneous landscapes, collective movement can be influenced by both habitat structure and social interactions. Yet research in collective behavior has largely neglected habitat influences on movement. Here we integrate simultaneous, high-resolution, tracking of wild baboons within a troop with a 3-dimensional reconstruction of their habitat to identify key drivers of baboon movement. A previously unexplored social influence – baboons’ preference for locations that other troop members have recently traversed – is the most important predictor of individual movement decisions. Habitat is shown to influence movement over multiple spatial scales, from long-range attraction and repulsion from the troop’s sleeping site, to relatively local influences including road-following and a short-range avoidance of dense vegetation. Scaling to the collective level reveals a clear association between habitat features and the emergent structure of the group, highlighting the importance of habitat heterogeneity in shaping group coordination.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: PHY-0848755

Location

Laikipia
Mpala Research Centre
Kenya