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Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells facilitate invasion of thyroid cancer cells by repressing miR-486-3p

Citation

Xiao, Haipeng et al. (2020), Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells facilitate invasion of thyroid cancer cells by repressing miR-486-3p, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6m905qfx1

Abstract

Background: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have become increasingly recognized as facilitators of tumor development. However, the role of MDSCs in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) progression has not been clearly explored.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the levels and function of circulating MDSCs in PTC.

Methods: The proportion of circulating polymorphonuclear (PMN)-MDSCs and mononuclearMDSCs from patients with PTC or benign thyroid nodules and healthy controls was measured using flow cytometry. For immunosuppressive activity analysis, sorted circulating MDSCs were cocultured with CD3/CD28-costimulated T lymphocytes and the proliferation of T cells was determined. PTC cell lines (TPC-1 and BC-PAP) were cocultured with PMN-MDSCs, and the effects on cell migration, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis were evaluated. The differential expressed microribonucleic acids (RNAs) and messenger RNAs and their function were also explored in TPC-1 cells cocultured with or without PMN-MDSCs.

Results: PMN-MDSCs were increased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with PTC. Circulating PMN-MDSCs displayed strong T cell suppressive activity. PTC cells demonstrated enhanced invasive capabilities in vitro and in vivo when cocultured with sorted PMN-MDSCs. PMN-MDSCs decreased expression of miR-486-3p and activated nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-κB2), a direct target of miR-486-3p. Rescue of miR-486-3p diminished the cell migration and invasion induced by PMN-MDSCs.

Conclusion: Collectively, our work indicates that circulating PMN-MDSCs promote PTC progression. By suppressing miR-486-3p, PMN-MDSCs promote the activity of the NF-κB2 signaling pathway, resulting in accelerated invasion of PTC cells, which may provide new therapeutic strategies for treatment of thyroid cancer. 

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 8,170,264,881,772,850

National Key Research and Development Program of China, Award: 2018YFC1314100