Data from: Gender and language use in scientific grant writing
Urquhart-Cronish, Mackenzie; Otto, Sarah P. (2019), Data from: Gender and language use in scientific grant writing, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6mg5g10
Women in STEM are not equally represented across tenure-track career stages, and this extends to grant funding, where women applicants often have lower success rates compared to men. While gender bias in reviewers has been documented, it is currently unknown whether written language in grant applications varies predictably with gender to elicit bias against women. Here we analyse the text of ~2000 public research summaries from the 2016 Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) individual Discovery Grant (DG) program. We explore the relationship between language variables, inferred gender and career stage, and funding levels. We also analyse aggregated data from the 2012-2018 NSERC DG competitions to determine whether gender impacted the probability of receiving a grant for early-career researchers. We document a marginally significant gender difference in funding levels for successful grants, with women receiving $1756 less than men, and a large and significant difference in rejection rates among early-career applicants (women: 40.4% rejection; men: 33.0% rejection rate). Language variables had little ability to predict gender or funding level using predictive modelling. Our results indicate that NSERC funding levels and success rates differ between men and women, but we find no evidence that gendered language use affected funding outcomes.