Ant taxonomic and functional beta-diversity
Frasconi Wendt, Clara et al. (2021), Ant taxonomic and functional beta-diversity , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6wwpzgmwz
The decomposition of beta-diversity (β-diversity) into its replacement (βrepl) and richness (βrich) components in combination with a taxonomic and functional approach, may help to identify processes driving community composition along environmental gradients.
We aimed to understand which abiotic and spatial variables influence ant β-diversity and identify which processes may drive ant β-diversity patterns in Mediterranean drylands by measuring the percentage of variation in ant taxonomic and functional β-diversity explained by local environmental, regional climatic and spatial variables.
We found that taxonomic and functional replacement (βrepl) primarily drove patterns in overall β-diversity (βtot). Variation partitioning analysis showed that respectively 16.8 %, 12.9 % and 21.6 % of taxonomic βtot, βrepl and βrich variation were mainly explained by local environmental variables. Local environmental variables were also the main determinants of functional β-diversity, explaining 20.4 %, 17.9 % and 23.2 % of βtot, βrepl and βrich variation respectively.
Findings suggest that niche-based processes drive changes in ant β-diversity, as local environmental variables may act as environmental filters on species and trait composition. While we found that local environmental variables were important predictors of ant β-diversity, further analysis should address the contribution of other mechanisms, e.g. competitive exclusion and resource partitioning, on ant β-diversity.
Ants were collected along a space-for-time aridity gradient and used to measure taxonomic and functional beta-diversity.