Data from: Spatial-temporal variability and related factors of soil organic carbon in Henan province
Zhang, Congzhi et al. (2019), Data from: Spatial-temporal variability and related factors of soil organic carbon in Henan province, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8703q25
Spatial variability and influence factors are important to evaluate soil organic carbon(SOC) and the carbon pool in large areas. In the present study, sampling was conducted from May to November 2011 in Henan province, a typical agricultural region of central China, to study the effects of soil properties and anthropogenic factors on SOC variability in cropland. Physicochemical properties of soil samples were analyzed, which were collected at 280 sites from the surface layer (at a depth of 0–20 cm), and related data about the sampling sites were also collected from the Second State Soil Survey of China (SSSSC), conducted in 1981. The main results were as follows: 1) Increasing trends in soil organic carbon density (SOCD) and soil organic carbon pool (SOCP) were obvious from 1981 to 2011, and we conclude that cropland presents great carbon sequestration potential for the future. Carbon pool ability varied with soil properties: the order of fixed carbon amount in different soil types was found to be Inceptisols > Luvisols > Semi-hydromorphic soil > Anthrosols, and the average SOCP increased significantly from 1981 to 2011. 2) Soil bulk density, pH and returning straw are the key influence factors for SOCD in the past 30 years. 3) Although random factors (returning straw) only explain 29.1% of SOCD variability, the factor should be paid more attention, because application of returning strawwas the most dominant anthropogenic factors, which can be used to improve cropland productivity and carbon sink capacity within a short period if they are properly managed in the future.