Data from: Appearance of an early closure of the Isthmus of Panama is the product of biased inclusion of data in the metaanalysis
Lessios, Harilaos A. (2016), Data from: Appearance of an early closure of the Isthmus of Panama is the product of biased inclusion of data in the metaanalysis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.b29k1
In their PNAS article “Biological evidence supports an early and complex emergence of the Isthmus of Panama,” Bacon et al. (1 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1423853112) use data from molecular comparisons of terrestrial and marine organisms taken from the literature to estimate dates of rate shifts in migration. One of their conclusions is that “events separating marine organisms in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans [occurred] at ca. 23 and 7 Ma” (1). The authors base this conclusion on two kinds of molecular dating: (i) 31 dates from phylogenies with evolutionary rates calibrated from fossils at one or more nodes, and (ii) 52 dates from mitochondrial divergence between sister species on either side of the Isthmus taken from the review by Lessios (2) (note: complete data are available from the Dryad Digital Repository at http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6m653). For the latter, divergence was converted to time by assuming a mitochondrial DNA divergence rate of 2% per million years. Unfortunately, Bacon et al.’s metaanalysis of separations of marine organisms contains unexplained omissions of data and mistakes.