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Data from: Leading-edge vortices over swept-back wings with varying sweep geometries


Lambert, William B.; Stanek, Mathew J.; Gurka, Roi; Hackett, Erin E. (2019), Data from: Leading-edge vortices over swept-back wings with varying sweep geometries, Dryad, Dataset,


Micro air vehicles are used in a myriad of applications, such as transportation and surveying. Their performance can be improved through study of wing designs and lift generation techniques including leading-edge vortices (LEVs). Observation of natural fliers, e.g., birds and bats, has shown that LEVs are a major contributor to lift during flapping flight, and the common swift (Apus apus) has been observed to generate LEVs during gliding flight. We hypothesize that non-linear swept-back wings generate a vortex in the leading-edge region, which can augment the lift in a similar manner to linear swept-back wings (i.e., delta wing) during gliding flight. Particle image velocimetry experiments were performed in a water flume to compare flow over two wing geometries: one with a non-linear sweep (swift-like wing) and one with a linear sweep (delta wing). Experiments were performed at three spanwise planes and three angles of attack at a chord-based Reynolds number of 26,000. Streamlines, vorticity, swirling strength, and Q criterion, were used to identify LEVs. The results show similar LEV characteristics for delta and swift-like wing geometries. These similarities suggest that sweep geometries other than a linear sweep (i.e., delta wing) are capable of creating LEVs during gliding flight.

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