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Data from: Variation in life-history traits among Daphnia and its relationship to species-level responses to phosphorus limitation

Citation

Hartnett, Rachel N. (2019), Data from: Variation in life-history traits among Daphnia and its relationship to species-level responses to phosphorus limitation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.d4v7g74

Abstract

Currently organisms are experiencing changes in their environment at an unprecedented rate. Therefore the study of the contributions to and responses in traits linked to fitness is crucial, as they have direct consequences on a population’s success in persisting under such change. Daphnia is used as a model organism as the genus contains keystone primary consumers in aquatic food webs. A life-history table experiment (LHTE) using four species of Daphnia was conducted to compare variation in life-history traits among species across two different environmental conditions (high and low phosphorous availability). Results indicate that the food quality environment had the most impact on life-history traits, while genetic contributions to traits were higher at the species-level than clonal-level. Higher trait variation and species-level responses to P-limitation was more evident in reproductive traits, while growth traits were found to be less affected by food quality and had less variation. Exploring trait variation and potential plasticity in organisms is increasingly important to consider as a potential mechanism for population persistence given the fluctuations in environmental stressors we are currently experiencing.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: 2013151892