Data from: Simulated hatching failure predicts female plasticity in extra-pair behavior over successive broods
Yuta, Teru; Nomi, Daisuke; Ihle, Malika; Koizumi, Itsuro (2018), Data from: Simulated hatching failure predicts female plasticity in extra-pair behavior over successive broods, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dn4f7b3
While many studies have investigated the occurrence of extra-pair paternity (EPP) and its adaptive significance in wild population of birds, we still know surprising little about the plasticity in mating behavior of females at the individual level and how it affects the patterns of paternity. To address this question, we focused on the direct fertility benefit hypothesis for the function of EPP and studied if female birds react in extra-pair mating behavior after reproductive failures using a wild population of the Japanese great tit, Parus minor, a socially monogamous passerine with a moderate frequency of EPP and a high multiple brooding rate. We simulated hatching failure by replacing with artificial eggs during the egg laying period to investigate if females subsequently altered their mating behavior and became more promiscuous to improve reproductive success in their following clutches. The proportion of extra-pair offspring per clutches of both experimental and control pairs increased in the second clutches (replacement and repeat), but compared to the control pairs, the increase in the experimental pairs was significantly greater. The present study suggests that individual females appear to be making decisions based on specific cues and flexibly altering mating behavior in adaptive ways. Also, our results are compatible with one of the long-debated hypotheses for the evolutionary maintenance of EPP which predicts females gain direct fitness benefit through increased reproductive success from mating multiply.