Data from: Increasing the fish diversity of the Triassic faunas of Gondwana: a new redfieldiiform (Actinopterygii) from the Middle Triassic of Argentina and its palaeobiogeographical implications
Gouiric-Cavalli, Soledad, National University of La Plata
Zavattieri, Ana María, National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Gutierrez, Pedro Raúl, National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Cariglino, Bárbara, National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Balarino, Lucía, National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Published Aug 04, 2018 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Gouiric-Cavalli, Soledad et al. (2018). Data from: Increasing the fish diversity of the Triassic faunas of Gondwana: a new redfieldiiform (Actinopterygii) from the Middle Triassic of Argentina and its palaeobiogeographical implications [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.g84hn
A new actinopterygian, Calaichthys tehul gen. et sp. nov. is described on the basis of a few, well-preserved specimens from the Anisian Cerro de Las Cabras Formation, Cuyo Basin in Mendoza Province. The new genus shows a combination of primitive characters (e.g. deep posterior region of the maxilla contacting the preopercle, a suspensorium backwardly oriented) and more advanced characters (e.g. distally segmented fin rays, hemiheterocercal caudal fin) and is thus considered to be a ‘subholostean’ fish. The new taxon is assigned to Redfieldiiformes on the basis of its single branchiostegal plate-like ray, a median gular plate, pectoral fins with stout, stiff, mainly non-segmented and distally branched fin rays, long and robust fringing fulcra in all fins, basal fulcra bordering both lobes of the caudal fin, and opposite dorsal and anal fins. Calaichthys is characterized by a combination of characters some of which are unique among redfieldiiforms (i.e. strongly ornamented but thin scales with a serrated posterior margin, smooth skull roof bones, extrascapulars with a bifid posterior margin, three suborbital bones, a hatchet-shaped preopercle, rectangular and slender opercle, deep mouth gape, entopterygoid and ectopterygoid with small pointed teeth disposed in several series, unornamented rostral bone, massive pectoral fins and delicate dorsal, pelvic and anal fins). Calaichthys provides novel information about the anatomy of redfieldiiforms, in particular in relation with the fins and associated scaly elements, as well as the scale morphology and their disposition over the body. Our work confirms for the first time that redfieldiiforms occur in South America. Redfieldiiforms seem to have originated in Gondwana and shown two diversity peaks: in the Anisian and the Carnian. Calaichthys is coeval with those redfieldiiforms of the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Africa and Australia dwelling in ephemeral lakes.
Appendix S1. Triassic fish taxa from Argentina.
Triassic fish (chondrichthyans, actinopterygians and sarcopterygians) taxa from Argentina. An asterisk is used to denote the references followed to base the ages of the formations.
Appendix S1. Triassic fish (chondrichthyans, actinopterygians and sarcopterygians) taxa from Argentina-reviewed.docx