FGF-2-dependent signaling activated in aged human skeletal muscle promotes intramuscular adipogenesis
Mathes, Sebastian et al. (2021), FGF-2-dependent signaling activated in aged human skeletal muscle promotes intramuscular adipogenesis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.j6q573nf6
Aged skeletal muscle is markedly affected by fatty muscle infiltration and strategies to reduce the occurrence of intramuscular adipocytes are urgently needed. Here, we show that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) not only stimulates muscle growth, but also promotes intramuscular adipogenesis. Using multiple screening assays upstream and downstream of microRNA (miR)-29a signaling, we located the secreted protein and adipogenic inhibitor SPARC to an FGF-2 signaling pathway that is conserved between skeletal muscle cells from mice and humans and that is activated in skeletal muscle of aged mice and humans. FGF-2 induces the miR-29a/SPARC axis through transcriptional activation of FRA-1, which binds and activates an evolutionary conserved AP-1 site element proximal in the miR-29a promoter. Genetic deletions in muscle cells and AAV-mediated overexpression of FGF-2 or SPARC in mouse skeletal muscle revealed that this axis regulates differentiation of fibro/adipogenic progenitors in vitro and intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) formation in vivo. Skeletal muscle from human donors aged > 75 years versus < 55 years showed activation of FGF-2-dependent signaling and increased IMAT. Thus, our data highlights a disparate role of FGF-2 in adult skeletal muscle and reveals a novel pathway to combat fat accumulation in aged human skeletal muscle.
Please see: Mathes S, Fahrner A, Ghoshdastider U, Rüdiger HA, Leunig M, Wolfrum C, Krützfeldt J. FGF-2-dependent signaling activated in aged human skeletal muscle promotes intramuscular adipogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021.
See README.txt for an explanation of the data.
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Award: 182716