Data From: Active sinking particles: Flow and transport dynamics due to sessile suspension feeders on sinking aggregates
Cite this dataset
Pepper, Rachel; Krishnamurthy, Deepak; Prakash, Manu (2023). Data From: Active sinking particles: Flow and transport dynamics due to sessile suspension feeders on sinking aggregates [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.j6q573nf8
Sinking or sedimentation of biological aggregates plays a critical role in carbon sequestration in the ocean and in vertical material fluxes in waste-water treatment plants. In both these contexts, the sinking aggregates are “active,” since they are biological hot-spots and are densely colonized by microorganisms including bacteria and sessile protists, some of which generate feeding currents. However, the effect of these feeding currents on the sinking rates, trajectories, and mass transfer to these "active sinking particles," has not previously been studied. Here we use a novel scale-free vertical-tracking microscope (a.k.a. Gravity Machine, Krishnamurthy et al. "Scale-free vertical tracking microscopy." Nature Methods (2020)) to follow model sinking aggregates (agar spheres) with attached protists (Vorticella convallaria), sinking over long distances while simultaneously measuring local flows. We find that activity due to attached \vortc causes significant changes to the flow around aggregates in a dynamic manner and reshapes mass transport boundary layers. Furthermore, we find that activity-mediated local flows along with sinking modify the encounter and plume cross-sections of the aggregate and induce sustained aggregate rotations. Overall our work shows the important role of biological activity in shaping the near-field flows around aggregates with potentially important effects on aggregate fate and material fluxes.
Detailed methods are in "Active Sinking Particles: Flow and transport dynamics due to sessile suspension feeders on sinking aggregates." Included in this dataset are Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) flow fields for Vorticella convallaria on sinking aggregates.
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National Science Foundation, Award: IOS-1755326
National Science Foundation, Award: DBI-1548297
National Science Foundation, Award: OCE-2049386
Schmidt Science Fellowship
CZ Biohub Investigators program
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute