Data from: Effects of Lewy body disease and Alzheimer’s disease on brain atrophy and cognitive dysfunction
Kang, Sung Woo et al. (2019), Data from: Effects of Lewy body disease and Alzheimer’s disease on brain atrophy and cognitive dysfunction, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k3f951q
Objectives: We investigated the independent and interaction effects of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Lewy body disease (LBD) on cognition and brain atrophy. Methods: We consecutively recruited 38 controls and 108 patients with AD-related cognitive impairment (ADCI) and/or LBD-related cognitive impairment (LBCI) from university-based dementia and movement clinics. Diagnoses of ADCI and LBCI were supported by 18F-Florbetaben PET and 18F-FP-CIT-PET, respectively. There were 38 controls, 26 patients with pure ADCI (18 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 8 dementia), 28 patients with pure LBCI (13 MCI and 15 dementia), and 54 patients with mixed ADCI and LBCI (17 MCI and 37 dementia). We performed group-wise comparisons for neuropsychological z scores and regional cortical thickness. We also evaluated the effects of ADCI and LBCI using general linear models. Results: Compared to the controls, pure patients with ADCI group and pure LBCI group had focused cortical thinning in the bilateral entorhinal/right anterior temporal cortices and bilateral anteromedial temporal/basal frontal cortices, respectively, while the mixed disease group had additional cortical thinning in the widespread association cortices. The independent effects of ADCI and LBCI on regional cortical thinning overlapped in the widespread association cortices, especially at the bilateral temporo-parietal junction and parietal cortices. ADCI and LBCI had independent detrimental effects on the copying item of the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test. Conclusions: Concomitant ADCI and LBCI are associated with the accentuation of neurodegeneration to widespread association cortices, and both diseases contribute to visuospatial dysfunction.