Data from: The Anisian (Middle Triassic) brachiopods from the southern Qilian Mountains, north-western China
Guo, Zhen et al. (2022), Data from: The Anisian (Middle Triassic) brachiopods from the southern Qilian Mountains, north-western China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.qbzkh18kn
The Anisian (Middle Triassic) witnessed the diversification of brachiopods after the Permian/Triassic (P/Tr) extinction. The Anisian brachiopod fauna from the southern Qilian Mountains in north-western China has the highest taxonomic diversity at the species level among coeval faunas worldwide. Nevertheless, many taxa from this remote region remain poorly defined and therefore require emendation. Here we describe 23 species (including two uncertain species) in 15 brachiopod genera based on well-preserved carbonate and silicified specimens collected from the Anisian Dajialian and Qieermagou formations in Tianjun, southern Qilian Mountains. Two new genera (Crenulatomargus, Tianjunospina) and six new species (Costirhynchopsis xui, Crenulatomargus terebratuliformis, Schwagerispira elegans, Lepismatina? inusitata, Tianjunospina junheensis, Qilianoconcha circularis) are erected. The diagnoses of Triasorhynchia, Yangkongia, Sinucostella, Aequspiriferina, Qilianoconcha, and Parantiptychia are emended. Besides, the genus Eoantiptychia and the family Triasorhynchiidae are regarded as junior synonyms of Qilianoconcha and Tetrarhynchiidae, respectively. Systematic description and taxonomic emendation show that 56 species (including seven uncertain species) in 26 genera are confirmed in the southern Qilian brachiopod fauna. Network analysis of 14 brachiopod faunas worldwide shows that six groups were detected during the Anisian (Qingyan, southern Qilian–western Qinling, Himalaya–northern Siberia, central Qinghai, New Zealand, and Europe/western Tethys). Compared with those from the western Tethys, the eastern Tethyan faunas are less allied to each other. Except for the assemblage from the adjacent western Qinling area, other coeval faunas have much lower affinities with the Qilian fauna.
1. Measurements of registered specimens.
2. Region-genus matrix used for the network analysis.
3. List of genera and regions of each group detected by the fast greedy method.
4. List of genera and regions of each group detected by the Louvain method.
Fundamental Research Funds for National Universities
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41821001
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41930322
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41772007