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Does the response of D. melanogaster males to intrasexual competitors influence sexual isolation?


Marie-Orleach, Lucas; Sanz, Annui M.; Bailey, Nathan W.; Ritchie, Michael G. (2019), Does the response of D. melanogaster males to intrasexual competitors influence sexual isolation?, Dryad, Dataset,


The evolutionary consequences of phenotypic plasticity are debated. For example, reproductive barriers between incipient species can depend on the social environment, but most evidence for this comes from studies focussing on the effects of experiencing heterospecific individuals of the opposite sex. In Drosophila melanogaster, males are well known to invest strategically in ejaculate components and show different courtship behaviour when reared in the presence of male competitors. It is unknown whether such plasticity in response to same-sex social experience influences sexual isolation, so we tested this using African and cosmopolitan lines which show partial sexual isolation. Males were housed in social isolation, with homopopulation, or with heteropopulation male partners. We then measured their mating success, latency, and duration, their paternity share, and female re-mating success. Isolated males copulated for a shorter duration than males housed with any male partners. However, we found no difference in any measure between homo- or heteropopulation treatments. Our findings suggest that the male intrasexual competitive social environment does not strongly influence sexual isolation in D. melanogaster, and that plastic effects on reproductive isolation may be influenced more strongly by the experience of social isolation, than by the composition of individuals within different social environments.