Data from: Primary progressive aphasias and GRN mutations
Saracino, Dario (2021), Data from: Primary progressive aphasias and GRN mutations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.x3ffbg7hr
Objective: To determine relative frequencies and linguistic profiles of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) variants associated with progranulin (GRN) mutations, and study their neuroanatomical correlates.
Methods: PPA patients carrying GRN mutations (PPA-GRN) were selected amongst a national prospective research cohort of 1,696 frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients, including 235 patients with PPA. All PPA patients with amyloid-positive CSF biomarkers were excluded. In this cross-sectional study, speech/language and cognitive profiles were characterized with standardized evaluations, and grey matter (GM) atrophy patterns using voxel-based morphometry. Comparisons were performed with controls, and sporadic PPA patients.
Results: Among the overall population of 235 patients, 45 (19%) carried GRN mutations. We studied 32 of these and showed that logopenic PPA (lvPPA) was the most frequent linguistic variant (13, 41%), followed by non-fluent/agrammatic (nfvPPA: 9, 28%) and mixed forms (8, 25%). Semantic variant was rather rare (2, 6%). LvPPA patients, qualified as non-amyloid-lvPPA, presented canonical logopenic deficit. Seven out of 13 had a pure form, six showed subtle additional linguistic deficits not fitting criteria for mixed PPA, hence labelled as “logopenic-spectrum variant”. GM atrophy primarily involved left posterior temporal gyrus, mirroring neuroanatomical changes of amyloid-positive-lvPPA. NfvPPA patients presented agrammatism (89%) rather than apraxia of speech (11%).
Conclusions: This study shows that most frequent PPA variant associated with GRN mutations is non-amyloid lvPPA, preceding nfvPPA and mixed forms, and illustrates that language network may be affected at different levels. GRN testing is indicated for PPA patients, whether familial or sporadic. This finding is important for upcoming GRN gene-specific therapies.