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Rare missense functional variants at COL4A1 and COL4A2 in sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage

Citation

Chung, Jaeyoon et al. (2021), Rare missense functional variants at COL4A1 and COL4A2 in sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.z34tmpgcq

Abstract

Objective
To test the genetic contribution of rare missense variants in COL4A1 and COL4A2 in which common variants are genetically associated with sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), we performed rare variant analysis in multiple sequencing data for the risk for sporadic ICH.

Methods
We performed sequencing across 559Kbp at 13q34 including COL4A1 and COL4A2 among 2,133 individuals (1,055 ICH cases; 1,078 controls) in US-based and 1,492 individuals (192 ICH cases; 1,300 controls) from Scotland-based cohorts, followed by sequence annotation, functional impact prediction, genetic association testing, and in silico thermodynamic modeling.

Results
We identified 107 rare nonsynonymous variants in sporadic ICH, of which 2 two missense variants, rs138269346 (COL4A1I110T) and rs201716258 (COL4A2H203L), were predicted to be highly functional and occurred in multiple ICH cases but not in controls from the US-based cohort. The minor allele of rs201716258 was also present in Scottish ICH patients, and rs138269346 was observed in two ICH-free controls with a history of hypertension and myocardial infarction. Rs138269346 was nominally associated with non-lobar ICH risk (P=0.05), but not with lobar ICH (P=0.08), while associations between rs201716258 and ICH subtypes were non-significant (P>0.12). Both variants were considered pathogenic based on minor allele frequency (<0.00035 in EUR), predicted functional impact (deleterious or probably damaging), and in silico modeling studies (substantially altered physical length and thermal stability of collagen).

Conclusions
We identified rare missense variants in COL4A1/A2 in association with sporadic ICH. Our annotation and simulation studies suggest that these variants are highly functional and may represent targets for translational follow-up.

Funding

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Award: HHSN268201100037C

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Award: R01NS103924

Medical Research Council, Award: MR/R005567-1

Stroke Association, Award: PPA 2016/02

Heart Research UK, Award: RG 2664/17/20

Medical Research Council, Award: Stroke Association clinical research training fellowship: G0900428

Wellcome Trust, Award: 203699/Z/16/Z: clinical research training fellowship

Medical Research Council, Award: G1002605: senior clinical fellowship

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council