Low vision impairs implicit sensorimotor adaptation in response to small errors, but not large errors
Tsay, Jonathan et al. (2022), Low vision impairs implicit sensorimotor adaptation in response to small errors, but not large errors, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6078/D1T14K
Successful goal-directed actions require constant fine-tuning of the motor system. This fine-tuning is thought to rely on an implicit adaptation process that is driven by sensory prediction errors (i.e., where you see your hand after reaching versus where you expected it to be). Individuals with low vision experience challenges with visuomotor control, but whether low vision disrupts motor adaptation is unknown. To explore this question, we assessed individuals with low vision and matched controls with normal vision on a visuomotor task designed to isolate implicit adaptation. We found that low vision was associated with attenuated implicit adaptation only for small visual errors, but not for large visual errors. This result highlights important constraints underlying how low-fidelity visual information is processed by the sensorimotor system to enable successful implicit adaptation.
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National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Award: 1F31NS120448
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Award: R35NS116883-01
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